Background info to kill a mockingbird


  1. Is To Kill a Mockingbird a racist book? | Children's books | The Guardian
  2. Book Summary: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  3. Harper Lee: The Impact of ‘To Kill a Mockingbird'
  4. Historical Context

She fought on the playground. She talked back to teachers. She was bored with school and resisted any sort of conformity. The character of Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird would have liked her. In high school Lee was fortunate to have a gifted English teacher, Gladys Watson Burkett, who introduced her to challenging literature and the rigors of writing well.

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  • Citation Information.
  • To Kill a Mockingbird | NEA.

Lee loved 19th-century British authors best, and once said that her ambition was to become "the Jane Austen of south Alabama. Unable to fit in with the sorority she joined at the University of Alabama, she found a second home on the campus newspaper. Eventually she became editor-in-chief of the Rammer Jammer , a quarterly humor magazine on campus.

She entered the law school, but she "loathed" it. Despite her father's hopes that she would become a local attorney like her sister Alice, Lee went to New York to pursue her writing. She spent eight years working odd jobs before she finally showed a manuscript to Tay Hohoff, an editor at J. At this point, it still resembled a string of stories more than the novel that Lee had intended.

Under Hohoff's guidance, the perspective was changed to Scout as a child, and two and a half years of rewriting followed. When the novel was finally ready for publication, the author opted for the name "Harper Lee" on the cover, because she didn't want to be misidentified as "Nellie. To Kill a Mockingbird was published in to highly favorable reviews and quickly climbed the bestseller lists, where it remained for 88 weeks. In , the novel won the Pulitzer Prize.

Lee later researched a book, similar to Capote's In Cold Blood , about a part-time minister in Alexander City, Alabama, accused of killing five people for their insurance money and later himself murdered by a victim's relative. However, she dropped the project in the s. It wasn't until February of that news of a second novel surfaced, when Lee's publisher announced a newly discovered manuscript for Go Set a Watchman , the novel Lee wrote before To Kill a Mockingbird.

In the meantime, To Kill a Mockingbird has sold more than 30 million copies in forty languages.

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  5. According to biographer Charles J. Shields, Lee was unprepared for the amount of personal attention associated with writing a bestseller. She led a quiet and guardedly private life. As Sheriff Tate says of Boo Radley, "draggin' him with his shy ways into the limelight—to me, that's a sin. They lived next door to each other: Capote with aunts and uncles, Lee with her parents and three siblings.

    Is To Kill a Mockingbird a racist book? | Children's books | The Guardian

    From the start they loved reading and recognized in each other "an apartness," as Capote later expressed it. When Lee's father gave them an old Underwood typewriter, they began writing original stories. Although Capote moved to New York City in the third grade to join his mother and stepfather, he returned to Monroeville most summers, eventually providing the inspiration for Dill in To Kill a Mockingbird.

    Around that time, Lee quit law school and joined Capote in New York to work at becoming a writer, too. Years of menial jobs followed until To Kill a Mockingbird was ready for publication. Capote read the manuscript and made editorial suggestions. She, in her turn, accompanied him to Kansas to help research In Cold Blood.

    He could have tried harder to dispel baseless rumors that the novel was as much his work as hers. Their friendship continued during the s and '70s, but Capote's drug and alcohol abuse strained the relationship.

    Book Summary: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

    Later he would stop publishing and sink into self-parody, sponging off high society and making endless rounds of the talk-show circuit. When Capote died in , Lee confided to friends that she hadn't heard from him in years. But you know the thing that struck me most about it is the universality of traits that are found in all human beings are in this book. And I thought that, more than anything else, she was able to capture that.

    A Jazz Master talking about a Big Read novel!

    Harper Lee: The Impact of ‘To Kill a Mockingbird'

    Skip to main content. About the Book About the Author Discussion Questions Multimedia Overview Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird is the rare American novel that can be discovered with excitement in adolescence and reread into adulthood without fear of disappointment. How the Novel Came to Be Written Any claims for To Kill a Mockingbird as a book that changed history could not have seemed more far-fetched one winter night in , as Nelle Harper Lee huddled in her outer-borough New York apartment trying to finesse her unruly, episodic manuscript into some semblance of a cohesive novel.

    Harper Lee If Nelle Harper Lee ever wanted proof that fame has its drawbacks, she didn't have to look farther than her childhood neighbor, Truman Capote. Why do you think Harper Lee chose as her novel's epigraph this quote from Charles Lamb: "Lawyers, I suppose, were children once"? Why does the adult Scout begin her narrative with Jem's broken arm and a brief family history?

    How does Boo Radley 's past history of violence foreshadow his method of protecting Jem and Scout? Does this aggression make him more, or less, of a sympathetic character?

    To Kill a Mockingbird Video Summary

    How does the town of Maycomb function as a character with its own personality, rather than merely as a backdrop for the novel's events? Atticus teaches Scout that compromise is not bending the law, but "an agreement reached by mutual consent.

    Historical Context

    What are examples of her obedience to and defiance of this principle? The novel takes place during the Great Depression. How do class divisions and family quarrels highlight racial tensions in Maycomb? Atticus believes that to understand life from someone else's perspective, we must "walk in his or her shoes. What does Jem learn when Atticus forces him to read to Mrs.

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    Dubose as a punishment? Why does the lawyer regard this woman as the "bravest person" he ever knew? It is an adult fairy tale, that is often read by children in wildly different — and sometimes profoundly damaging — ways. Another kind of damage less often discussed is how the text encourages boys and girls to believe women lie about being raped. And the book cannot continue to be taught as if every person in the classroom is white, upper middle class and needs to be prodded into being Scout.

    We need to be asking what we are teaching when we teach "To Kill a Mockingbird," and how useful those lessons are to 21st century students. Take, for instance, "Monster," a novel by award-winning African-American novelist Walter Dean Myers that also takes place in a courtroom. Here, however, the focus is on the young black defendant and narrator, Steve Harmon; the white lawyer, on the other hand, plays a lesser, but still complex, part.

    Monster is a complex and powerful modern classic that does much of the same work — providing a portrait of a young artist budding ethical integrity while confronting racism — as "Mockingbird" but does it with arguably more complexity. We are often in practice censoring books like "Monster" from the curriculum to maintain a space for "Mockingbird. But what if keeping it in the curriculum maintains the status quo of the past as much as it illuminates it?

    But imagine instead that you are an African-American eighth-grade boy in Mississippi today, and are asked to read "Mockingbird. Or imagine instead that you are an impoverished, white eighth-grade girl in New York today, asked read "Mockingbird. Some identify with Tom Robinson, or with Calpurnia, or with Mayella Ewell and, for these students, "To Kill a Mockingbird" is a far more complex text which, in the hands of a less-than-effective teacher, can be damaging. Characters in novels think and act differently, and often in opposition to, the ways in which their authors think and act.